Ernakulam

    Ernakulam is the major industrial, financial and commercial hub of Kerala.


    Ernakulam is the major industrial, financial and commercial hub of Kerala. The existing as well as booming industries contributed have facilitated the faster growth of the city. Tourism has also contributed heavily to the GDP of the district. The city with its temples, old churches and its culture is ranked first in the number of domestic tourists visiting Kerala. Cochin International Airport is located in northern part of the district at Nedumbasseri village in Angamaly. Owing to the international airport, water ways, railways, and road ways, Ernakulam is one of the most connected districts in the state.



    Key Statistics
    Per Capita income (2015-16) Constant price - INR 146518
    Total cropped area 165536 Ha
    Major agricultural items Tapioca,Banana,Plaintain,Pineapple,Coconut,Paddy
    Land put to non agri uses 42941 Ha
    Forest cover 70617 Ha
    Gross irrigated area 32552 Ha
    Net irrigated area ( 2015-16) 21865 Ha
     
    SL.NO HEAD PARTICULARS
    1. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL UNITS as on 31.12.18 34386
    2. TOTAL INVESTMENT(In Lakhs) 608966
    3. TOTAL EMPLOYMENT(No.s) 300956
    4 NO OF PSUs 21
    5 No OF MEDIUM INDUSTRIES 176
    6. EMPLOYMENT IN LARGE AND MEDIUM INDUSTRIES (Nos.) 24820
    7 NO. OF INDUSTRIAL AREA(DA/DP) 6 (DA& DP)
    8 NO.OF MINI INDUSTRIAL AREA 18
     
      Micro Small Medium Total
    Number 29350 4860 176 34386
    Investment (in P&M  in lakhs): 140426 377009 91531 608966
    Employment 195717 92337 12902 300956
      Prominent Sectors
    The industrial capital of the state, the district has major investments in food, wood based furniture, plywood and allied industries, chemicals, garments, light engineering , marine based, IT based units, rubber based units and rice mills.

    Prominent Investors
    Sl.no Name of Enterprise Product Value of P&M/c (Rs in Crore) Employees (Nos)
    1 Su-Raj Jewellary (Ind) Pvt. Ltd, SDF A Block, 4th Flour, CSEZ Jewellery 12.75 29
    2 Hi-Build Coatings (P) Ltd, D.P. Kalamassery Paint Manufacturing 16 1476
    3 Appollo Tyres Pvt Ltd, Kalamassery Tyre & Precured tread rubber manufacturing 145 950

Ernakulam is the major industrial, financial and commercial hub of Kerala. The Cochin Port, Cochin Shipyard, Info Park, etc. has facilitated the faster growth of the city. Tourism has also contributed heavily to the economy of the district. The city with its temples, old churches and its culture is ranked first in the number of domestic tourists visiting Kerala.  Cohin international air port is located in northern part of the district at Nedumbasseri village in Angamaly. Owing to the international airport, water ways, railways, and road ways, Ernakulam is one of the most connected districts in the state.
Kochi is a shopping hub for the central Kerala. The higher GDP and per-capita income promotes the retail business. The major retail ventures in Kochi are in goldtextile, Furniture and Home Accessories and Home Appliance. Kochi houses the most number of shopping malls in Kerala. Oberon Mall is the first mall started in the city. Gold Souk Grande KochiAbad Nucleus Mall, Bay pride mall, Central Square mall are the major malls in the district.  Apart from these, the Lulu Cochin Mall, the largest shopping mall in India, located in Edapally town  of Kochi, Kerala. Kochi is home to the International Pepper Exchange, where black pepper is globally traded. The Spices Board of India is also headquartered at Kochi. The Cochin fishing harbour, located at Thoppumpady is a major fishing port in the state and supplies fish to the local and export markets. Central Government establishments like the Coconut Development Board, the Coir Board, the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) ,Central Institute of Fisheries Technolology(CIFT),Centre for Bio Polymer Sciecnce and Technology(CBPST) and the Spices Board are also located in the city.
Location and extent
Ernakulam district formed on 1st April 1958 carving areas of erstwhile Travancore-Kochi-Malabar kingdoms. The present Ernakulam District include Paravur, Aluva, Kochi, Kanayannoor, Muvattupuzha, Kunnathunadu, Kothamangalam Taluks which come under Fortkochi and  Muvattupuzha  Revenue Sub Division.  Its headquarters is located at Kakkanad, a suburb of Kochi city.  The borders of the district are the Arabian Sea in the West, Thrissur District in the North, Idukki District in the East and Alappuzha and Kottayam District in the South. Kochi is the Municipal Corporation and there are 13 Municipalities namely Aluva, Angamaly, Kalamassery, Kothamangalam, Muvattupuzha, North Paravoor, Maradu, Perumbavoor, Thrikkakara,Thripunithura ,Piravom ,Koothattukulam and Eloor. In Ernakulam there are 15 Development Blocks and 84 Panchayats.

Ernakulam district covers an area of 305826 hectare located on the Western Coastal Plains of India. The Periyar River, Kerala's second longest, flows through all the taluks except Muvattupuzha. The Muvattupuzha River and a branch of Chalakkudy River also flow through the district. The district has a moderate climate, and mostly falls within the Malabar Coast moist forests eco region, while the highlands are part of the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests eco region. The district includes the largest metropolitan region namely, Greater Cochin and hence is the highest revenue yielding district in the state and is also known as the commercial capital of Kerala. The district provides excellent infrastructural facilities.

 DISTRICT AT A GLANCE  
Date of formation 1st April 1958
i) Latitude 10.000 N
ii) Longitude 76.15 C
iii) Geographical Area 305826 Hec
Demography
Total population (2011) census 3282388
Male 1619557
Female 1662831
Sex Ratio(female per 1000 males) 1028
Population Density 1069
Decadal Growth Rate 5.6%
Child population(0-6years) 304242
Per Capita income (2012-13) Constant price 94392
Total literacy rate(2011) 95.68 %
Male literacy rate 97.14 %
Female 94.27 %
Administrative setup
Taluks 7
Villages 124
Gramapanchyat 84
Block panchyat 15
Corporation 1
Municipalities 13
District panchayath 1
Lok sabha seats 1
Niyamasabha seats 14
Educational district 4
Agricultural scenario(2013-14)
Total cropped area 165157 Hec
Major agricultural items Paddy, Plantain, Tapioca, Rubber, Banana Pineapple, Nutmeg, Pepper, Pulses
Land put to non agri uses 40875 Hec
Forest cover 70617 Hec
Gross irrigated area 32191 Hec
Net irrigated area 24752 Hec
Production of rice 9056 tones
Productivity of rice 2235 Kg/Ha
Area under paddy cultivation (Gross area) 4052 Ha
Production of milk (2012-13) 37673561 lakh liters
Production of egg (2011-12) 1705 million
Production of Meat (2012-13) 47.6735 MT (Including poultry Meat)
Average annual rainfall 13432 mm
Industrial status-(Up to 2013-14) (Registered with DIC)
Heavy industries 47
Micro Manufacturing 12619
Micro Service 2640
Small Manufacturing 1630
Small Service 370
No of development plot/area 6
No of Mini Industrial Area 17
Industrial Area developed by : (a) District Panchayath (b) Block Panchayath (c) Grama Panchayath/Municipality (a)10cent at Arayankavu (b)280.6cent(Block) (c)65cent, 13shed(G.P)
Handloom societies 21 registered societies (only 13 are working)
Power loom societies 1 registered but under liquidation.
Coir societies 15 registered coir societies
General Industrial societies 271 (34 are working)
Mahabali